TYPES OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING
Some will have you believe there are national and localised, however there's more.
1. Sexual trafficking.
2. Labour trafficking.
3. Trafficking for domestic servitude.
4. Trafficking for forced marriage.
5. Trafficking for forced criminality (quite common).
6. Child solider trafficking.
7. Organ harvesting.
What are the signs of human trafficking? To be honest there's a lot of signs depending on which area the individual has been trafficked. That said, innocents tend to display some of the most commonest traits below.
1. acts as if instructed by another, as though they are forced or coerced to carry out specific activities
2. demonstrates signs of physical or psychological abuse, such as lacking self esteem, seeming anxious, bruising or untreated medical conditions
3. seems to be bonded by debt or has money deducted from their salary
4. has little or no contact with family or loved ones
is distrustful of authorities
5. has threats made against themselves or family members
is not in possession of their own legal documents
Significant signs for individuals potentially selling sex:
- Is the person closely guarded?
- Does the person have any signs of physical abuse, such as cigarette burns or tattoos indicating ownership?
- Is the person allowed to keep the money they make? A trafficked sex worker will have restricted or no access to earnings
- Is there any evidence that the person has been forced, intimidated or coerced into providing sexual services?
- Does the person have an English vocabulary of only sexualised words?
- Are there any signs the person is experiencing emotional trauma as a result of the work they are doing?
Significant signs at a location:
- Do the letterbox or any doors of the property appear to have been sealed from inside?
- Do the people potentially selling sex also sleep on the premises? Brothels are not normally used as accommodation for sex workers
- Are the people potentially selling sex being moved between suspected brothels?
Although it is impossible to know exact numbers of victims, we do know that modern slavery has been on the increase. Many victims work in the construction industry, in agriculture, in the sex industry, and in places like nail bars, car washes, and cannabis farms. Children are found working in all of these situations, as well as in sexual slavery.
Many victims have been trafficked from overseas – frequently from eastern Europe, south east Asia, and Africa – and their exploitation often begins en route.
Precise details about the extent of human trafficking within the UK are not available, and many have questioned the validity of some of the more widely quoted figures (such as the 'police estimate' that there are up to 4,000 trafficking victims in the United Kingdom at any one time).
The police do not have the data to supply, rather than, they don't wish to supply the data. We're looking at a nation wide problem, where girls, boys, men and women are traf\ernationally.
There are different forms of recruitment in the United Kingdom for trafficking. A woman in the United Kingdom might be recruited by someone who uses physical/sexual violence, deceived into coming to the UK by someone who convinces her she can study or work there, or by someone who has a position of power over her. In these power difference situations, the woman cannot refuse this persons control. It is possible for women who are physically or emotionally harmed to be easily influenced by prostitution enforcers who take control of their vulnerability. This recruitment process will most likely involve more than one person due to the travelling that some trafficked women will have to do. The recruiters could be one who recruits women, one who arranges travelling documents, and another might meet her in the United Kingdom.
As of 2018 gangs force children to commit crimes and rough sleepers are recruited into slavery.
It is important to traffickers that their victims are cooperative when doing business. In order to keep their workers in line, traffickers have different methods of control that they practice. Some of these include drugging them, removing documentation, preventing the victims from learning the language, isolation, moving them from place to place, threatening them, and accommodating them in a way that they will become homeless if they leave. By moving victims from place to place, they are unable to become familiar with their surroundings. This keeps the victims detached from the world in a physical and mental way. With this kind of control, the victims become helpless, and have almost no chance of escaping from their traffickers.
Trafficking is not defined to one specific race of men or even women. NDP have been present in numerous court cases where teenagers have been the traffickers, as young as 18. British white men, British white women, black, brown, anyone can be a trafficker, like anyone can be a victim.
We're asking YOU to keep an eye out, know what the signs are, if you suspect it, report it, don't ignore it. Fit CCTV into your taxi, and if you feel afraid to report a potential crime, contact us and we will guide you in the right direction.
NCA. CEOP. Trafficking in Persons Report 2008. Met Police TRAFFIK.